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As teachers, it is impossible for you to not be involved in your children’s learning. Teachers always want to find a new teaching methodology to make children be more independent in learning and more motivated to learn in the classroom. If you are reading in this article, it is time for you to use the project approach as one of your teaching strategies in your kindergarten.

Project Approach Teaching Strategies- A Guide for Preschool Teachers | ALFAandFriends.Com

What is Project-based Learning?

Project-based learning is one teaching methodology for students to learn from problems arise from any situations or projects. Through the problems, students must find a way to solve and produce a product as a solution. With project-based learning, students will gain knowledge and skills by investigating and responding to authentic and complex questions or problems in an extended period of time. Project-based learning is a dynamic approach and student-centered pedagogy designed to give students opportunities to learn through discoveries based on their interests.

Project Approach Teaching Strategies- A Guide for Preschool Teachers | ALFAandFriends.Com

Why Project-based Learning?

Project-based learning is all about digging the complex problems and challenges children face in their daily lives. Project-based learning in kindergarten is bridging the gap for children between fun, engaging experiences, and learning. Compared to traditional classroom learning, project-based learning is better because it focuses on developing students’ problem solving and critical thinking skills through the execution of projects chosen by them. Students have the chance to become their own directors of the learning process while teachers will be become the facilitators and guide the students along the way for the next step. By solving complex problems, students will be able to build bridges to connect the phenomena in the classroom and real-life experiences.

Project Approach Teaching Strategies- A Guide for Preschool Teachers | ALFAandFriends.Com

How Project-based Learning Works?

Project-based learning requires much preparation and planning from the teachers’ side, even for preschoolers. The questions thrown to students must be questions that can lead to exploration and could prompt more questions from students. Here are the steps for implementing project-based learning:

Start with essential question

The question given must be able to engage students and open-ended. The question must be a problem or challenge that they need to overcome and have multiple answers and solutions.

Design a plan

It is crucial to choose which content standards that will be addressed for the project. Be prepared to go deeper and the emergence of new issues and topics as students will be participating actively looking for solutions.

Create a Schedule

Project-based learning projects could go on for weeks and months. By having a timeline, students will have a deadline on when to finalize their thoughts and findings.

Monitor the Outcome

Facilitate learning and teach students how to work collaboratively with others without preventing students from taking responsibility for their work. Assess the project from time to time and provide resources and guidance needed.

Assess the Outcome

Provide feedback to students.

Evaluate the Experience

Reflection is a key component of learning. Give students time to discover what they have learned from the project.

Teaching Strategies for Project-based Learning

1

Reflection and Goal Setting

As have been mentioned above, reflection is an essential component of project-based learning. Students need to be given time to be reflecting on their works. Through this reflection, students will be able to set long-term learning goals and this could lead to more projects in the future. Find out the goals that they have and design projects based on these. For project based-learning in kindergarten, teachers could ask children to write what are they curious to know after they have completed the project. Ask them to write their questions on a piece of paper and design the next project based on those.

In project-based learning, these questions are not only what the students want to know, but they are what students needed to know as they are the extension from the first project that they have.

2

Make Reading and Writing Authentic

All teachers around the world want their students to love reading! Students should be able to fluent enough to comprehend everything that they read on the project’s materials. This is why teachers need to carefully choose the text selections, classroom libraries, and book bins to enable students to have ideas inspired and ignited in their minds. Real-world problems and challenges prepare students and provide purposeful reasons for students to think and feel, while at the same time developing their reading and writing ability.

All of these happen when students are exploring, uncovering, and solving problems as their project in the classroom.

3

Suggest Ideas for Projects at Home

The teachers can't do project-based learning all year long as there are curriculum standard specifications that teachers need to accomplish before the school ends. Include the parents to encourage them to do projects with the children at home. Find some project ideas that are easy for the parents to adapt at home. There are a lot of simple yet engaging projects parents can do with the children such as:
- Bridge building
- Shrinking potato bags in microwave
- Mini farm to feed local homeless
- Reduce waste
- Design an alert system for the spread of virus

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